Oral steroids are non-narcotic and they are powerful and anti-inflammatory. They are taken orally, just like the name suggests. Oral steroids are effective treatment for various conditions like treating low back pain. They are used for short duration of time like for one or two weeks and they come in various forms. Patients start with a high dose for relief then they narrow down to lower doses about five or six days.
They are different from anabolic steroids since the latter are used by body builders and athletes while oral steroids are used to treat diseases. They are the best steroids for medical conditions and they are taken by mouth like tablets, liquids and soluble tablets. They are available in various brands and Prednisolone is a common oral steroid.
When are oral steroids prescribed?
They are best steroids for treating medical conditions like autoimmune diseases and joint and muscle disease like rheumatoid arthritis and polymyalgia rheumatic. They also treat asthma and allergies and inflammatory bowel diseases like ulcerative colitis and crohn’s disease. Note that they also treat some cancers and can be used to treat people who their bodies have stopped producing their own steroids.
If you want to stop using these steroids, do not stop suddenly especially if you have taken them for more than three weeks. If you suddenly stop using the steroids after using them for a long time you might get serious withdrawal symptoms like weakness, diarrhea, tiredness, nausea and vomiting. Any change on dosage should be monitored by a doctor. Reducing the dose gradually gives your body time to gradually resume its natural production of steroids and avoid the severe withdrawal symptoms.
Possible side effects of oral steroids
In most cases, people who use them for a long time and in large amounts suffer from side effects. Some side effects are more serious than others. Common side effects include acne, blurred vision, difficulty sleeping, and glaucoma, high blood pressure, worsening diabetes, swollen and puffy face, nervousness and osteoporosis.
Research shows that most people prefer oral steroids to anabolic steroids because most anabolic steroids are injected into the body. Injecting steroids into your body is far from safe because they contain impurities and these impurities are just injected in the blood system. Note that injecting anabolic steroids can be dangerous because they might be injected into tendons by accident, you can also get injection site infection and you can hit the lymphatic system which can cause swelling and pain. That explains why most people prefer oral steroids to anabolic steroids.